The right intervention approach depends on several factors, including your loved one’s addiction history and whether they have any co-occurring mental illnesses. No single approach is right for every case, so talk with an intervention specialist about which of the following methods is best for your loved one.
The ARISE process has three steps. During the first step, a concerned family member or friend calls an ARISE interventionist. The interventionist explains how to form a support network and motivate a person with an addiction to accept professional help. If the individual doesn’t agree to participate in treatment, the process enters the second step, which involves establishing the family as a “board of directors.” No one on the board engages with the addicted family member, providing additional motivation to accept help. In the final step of the process, the family holds a formal intervention. If the addicted family member continues to refuse treatment, the other family members put serious consequences in place. Approximately 56% of individuals agree to treatment after the first step, making this an effective intervention model.
The SMART model is related to the SMART method of setting goals. SMART stands for specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-specific. Under this model, the intervention group sets specific goals for the intervention and aims to achieve those goals by working together.
Family Systemic Intervention
The family systemic intervention model seeks to help the family heal from a loved one’s addiction. When a family member is addicted to drugs or alcohol, that addiction affects everyone else in the family, from children and spouses to siblings and parents. Dealing with a loved one’s addiction can cause family members to become depressed or have trouble communicating with each other, for example. Under this model, only family members are involved in planning the intervention. Family members must also agree not to continue enabling behavior once the intervention is complete, making it more likely the addicted individual will accept help.
Crisis intervention is a little different from other intervention models because it occurs when someone with an addiction is actively in crisis. Instead of arresting addicts and charging them with crimes, community-based intervention teams aim to help people with drug and alcohol addictions enter treatment programs.
The Johnson Model
Many interventionists use the Johnson model, a seven-step model that focuses on showing the addicted individual they have the support they need to recover from addiction. This model involves putting together an intervention team, planning the intervention and convincing the individual to accept help from treatment professionals.